Film Stars and Their Awards: Who Won What for Movies, Theater and Television
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The exclusively male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: The theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre , nude dancing, and acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies , to high-style , verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime , pantomime , scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies , dances , and other entertainments were very popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder.
Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience; there is no evidence that they produced anything but crude scenes. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages , as they were viewed as dangerous, immoral, and pagan.
In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages , churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia to Italy.
The Feast of Fools encouraged the development of comedy. In the Late Middle Ages , plays were produced in towns. These vernacular Mystery plays often contained comedy , with actors playing devils , villains , and clowns.
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Amateur performers in England were exclusively male, but other countries had female performers. There were a number of secular plays staged in the Middle Ages, the earliest of which is The Play of the Greenwood by Adam de la Halle in It contains satirical scenes and folk material such as faeries and other supernatural occurrences. Farces also rose dramatically in popularity after the 13th century. Beginning in the midth century, Commedia dell'arte troupes performed lively improvisational playlets across Europe for centuries.
Commedia dell'arte was an actor-centred theatre, requiring little scenery and very few props. Plays were loose frameworks that provided situations, complications, and outcome of the action, around which the actors improvised. The plays utilised stock characters. A troupe typically consisted of 13 to 14 members. Most actors were paid a share of the play's profits roughly equivalent to the sizes of their roles. Renaissance theatre derived from several medieval theatre traditions, such as the mystery plays , " morality plays ", and the "university drama" that attempted to recreate Athenian tragedy.
The Italian tradition of Commedia dell'arte , as well as the elaborate masques frequently presented at court, also contributed to the shaping of public theatre. Since before the reign of Elizabeth I, companies of players were attached to households of leading aristocrats and performed seasonally in various locations. These became the foundation for the professional players that performed on the Elizabethan stage.
The development of the theatre and opportunities for acting ceased when Puritan opposition to the stage banned the performance of all plays within London. Puritans viewed the theatre as immoral. The re-opening of the theatres in signaled a renaissance of English drama. English comedies written and performed in the Restoration period from to are collectively called "Restoration comedy". Restoration comedy is notorious for its sexual explicitness. At this point, women were allowed for the first time to appear on the English stage, exclusively in female roles.
This period saw the introduction of the first professional actresses and the rise of the first celebrity actors. In the 19th century, the negative reputation of actors was largely reversed, and acting became an honored, popular profession and art. They could enlarge their audience by going on tour across the country, performing a repertoire of well-known plays, such as those by Shakespeare. The newspapers, private clubs, pubs, and coffee shops rang with lively debates evaluating the relative merits of the stars and the productions.
Henry Irving was the most successful of the British actor-managers. His company toured across Britain, as well as Europe and the United States, demonstrating the power of star actors and celebrated roles to attract enthusiastic audiences. His knighthood in indicated full acceptance into the higher circles of British society. By the early 20th century, the economics of large-scale productions displaced the actor-manager model. It was too hard to find people who combined a genius at acting as well as management, so specialization divided the roles as stage managers and later theatre directors emerged.
Financially, much larger capital was required to operate out of a major city. The solution was corporate ownership of chains of theatres, such as by the Theatrical Syndicate , Edward Laurillard , and especially The Shubert Organization.
List of roles and awards of Catherine Zeta-Jones - Wikipedia
By catering to tourists, theaters in large cities increasingly favored long runs of highly popular plays, especially musicals. Big name stars became even more essential. Formerly, in some societies, only men could become actors. In ancient Greece and ancient Rome  and the medieval world , it was considered disgraceful for a woman to go on stage; this belief persisted until the 17th century in Venice.
In the time of William Shakespeare , women's roles were generally played by men or boys. When an eighteen-year Puritan prohibition of drama was lifted after the English Restoration of , women began to appear on stage in England. Margaret Hughes is oft credited as the first professional actress on the English stage.
The first occurrence of the term actress was in according to the OED and is ascribed to Middleton. In the 19th century many viewed women in acting negatively, as actresses were often courtesans and associated with promiscuity. Despite these prejudices, the 19th century also saw the first female acting "stars", most notably Sarah Bernhardt.
In Japan , onnagata , men taking on female roles, were used in kabuki theatre when women were banned from performing on stage during the Edo period. By contrast, some forms of Chinese drama involve women playing all roles. In modern times, women occasionally played the roles of prepubescent boys. For example, the stage role of Peter Pan is traditionally played by a woman, as are most principal boys in British pantomime. Opera has several " breeches roles " traditionally sung by women, usually mezzo-sopranos. Women playing male roles are uncommon in film, with notable exceptions. In , Blanchett was made a Companion of the Order of Australia for "eminent service to the performing arts as an international stage and screen actor, through seminal contributions as director of artistic organisations, as a role model for women and young performers, and as a supporter of humanitarian and environmental causes.
Blanchett was born on 14 May in the Melbourne suburb of Ivanhoe. Blanchett has described herself as being "part extrovert, part wallflower" during childhood. While in Egypt, Blanchett was asked to play an American cheerleader, as an extra in the Egyptian boxing movie, Kaboria ; in need of money, she accepted. That year, she was also cast as Clytemnestra in a production of Sophocles' Electra.
A couple of weeks after rehearsals, the actress playing the title role pulled out, and director Lindy Davies cast Blanchett in the role. Her first high-profile international role was as Elizabeth I of England in the critically acclaimed film Elizabeth , directed by Shekhar Kapur.
The short was written and directed by her husband, Andrew Upton , and produced by Blanchett and Upton. Already an acclaimed actress, Blanchett received a host of new fans when she appeared in Peter Jackson 's Oscar-winning blockbuster trilogy, The Lord of the Rings , playing the role of Galadriel in all three films.
List of roles and awards of Catherine Zeta-Jones
In , Blanchett was named as one of Time magazine's Most Influential People in the World and also one of the most successful actresses by Forbes magazine. The cameo was uncredited and she gave her fee to charity. Blanchett voiced the character of Granmamare for the English version of the film Ponyo , released July Ullmann and Blanchett had been meaning to collaborate on a project since Ullman's intended film adaption of A Doll's House fell by the wayside.
Blanchett proposed embarking on Streetcar to Ullmann, who jumped at the opportunity after initial discussion. Blanchett brings to the character is life itself, a primal survival instinct Blanchett have performed the play as if it had never been staged before, with the result that, as a friend of mine put it, "you feel like you're hearing words you thought you knew pronounced correctly for the first time. Blanchett doesn't make the usual mistake of foreshadowing Blanche's end at the play's beginning; she allows Blanche a slow, fascinating decline I don't expect to see a better performance of this role in my lifetime.
She took the layers of a person and just peeled them away. I thought I'd seen that play, I thought I knew all the lines by heart, because I've seen it so many times, but I'd never seen the play until I saw that performance. In , Blanchett took part in two Sydney Theatre Company productions. This Uncle Vanya gets under your skin like no other I have seen C's top theatrical event of She received rave reviews for her performance, with some critics calling it the best role of her career surpassing her acclaimed starring role in Elizabeth.
In , Blanchett co-starred with Matt Damon and George Clooney in the latter's film, The Monuments Men , based on the true story of a crew of art historians and museum curators who recover renowned works of art stolen by Nazis. In , Blanchett starred in five films. Blanchett is an executive producer on the film. Blanchett's production company was a producing partner for the film. Ragnarok , directed by Taika Waititi. Blanchett will voice the sinister python Kaa in Andy Serkis ' adaptation of The Jungle Book titled Mowgli , in which he will mix motion capture, CG animation, and live-action.
The project is funded by Screen Australia , and co-produced by Blanchett and Andrew Upton's production company. Blanchett is married to playwright and screenwriter Andrew Upton. They met in on the set of a TV show and were married on 29 December Blanchett and Upton have four children: After making Brighton , England their main family home for nearly 10 years, she and her husband returned to their native Australia in Blanchett has spoken about feminism and politics, telling Sky News in that she was concerned that "a wave of conservatism sweeping the globe" was threatening women's role in society.
People talk about the golden age of Hollywood because of how women were lit then. You could be Joan Crawford and Bette Davis and work well into your 50s, because you were lit and made into a goddess. Now, with everything being sort of gritty, women have this sense of their use-by date. The video, titled "What They Took With Them", has the actors reading a poem written by Jenifer Toksvig and inspired by primary accounts of refugees, and is part of UNHCR's "WithRefugees" campaign, which also includes a petition to governments to expand asylum to provide further shelter, integrating job opportunities, and education.
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Blanchett has appeared in over 50 films and over 20 theatre productions. Her performance as Katharine Hepburn in The Aviator made her the only actor to win an Oscar for portraying another Oscar-winning actor. The Golden Age , and the eleventh actor to receive two acting nominations in the same year. Blanchett received Premiere magazine's Icon Award in Blanchett was appointed Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters by the French Minister of Culture in , in recognition of her significant contributions to the arts. Edit this page Read in another language Cate Blanchett.
Cate Blanchett AC Blanchett in Cate Blanchett on screen and stage. List of awards and nominations received by Cate Blanchett. Retrieved 7 May The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 June Retrieved 13 August The Many Colors of Cate Blanchett". Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 16 March Good thing she's a natural".
Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 29 December Inside the Actors Studio. Cate Blanchett discusses 'The Monument Men ' ". Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 15 January Archived from the original on 26 June Retrieved 3 June The New York Times. Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 28 November Retrieved 11 August Season 3 Episode 5".
Archived from the original on 2 April Daniels has starred in a number of New York productions, on and off Broadway. Daniels earned his second Golden Globe nomination for starring in Jonathan Demme 's Something Wild as an unassuming businessman swept up into a wild night by a mysterious woman Melanie Griffith. Daniels then starred in the horror—comedy or "thrill-omedy", as it was described in the promotion Arachnophobia in His next notable role was as Colonel Joshua Chamberlain in Gettysburg.
Daniels reprised the role of Chamberlain ten years later in the prequel film Gods and Generals. In , Daniels would co-star with Jim Carrey in one of his most commercially successful films, Dumb and Dumber. It was a noted departure for Daniels, owing to his status as a dramatic actor.
Daniels would then host Saturday Night Live a second time before the release of the Disney live-action remake of Dalmatians. Daniels starred as the owner of a litter of dalmatians stolen by the evil Cruella De Vil Glenn Close. Also in was the family hit film Fly Away Home with Daniels as the supportive single father of Anna Paquin 's goose-raising preteen.
Daniels then had a critical and commercial misfire with Trial and Error Daniels would rebound, however, with 's Pleasantville as diner owner Bill Johnson, who learns to act as an individual and rebel against the norm at the urging of Tobey Maguire 's David. Daniels starred alongside Christopher Lloyd in the critically and commercially unsuccessful film, My Favorite Martian.
At this point, in the early s, Daniels began to focus more on his theater work at The Purple Rose Theatre as well as writing, starring, and directing the films Escanaba in da Moonlight and Super Sucker. Daniels's next major film role would be in Clint Eastwood 's Blood Work , which received mixed reviews and was a commercial failure.
Gods and Generals followed in , as did the action film I Witness , which co-starred James Spader. The year proved to be a strong year for Daniels as he garnered notice as the star of the lauded Noah Baumbach film The Squid and the Whale. Daniels received his third Golden Globe nomination for the film, about a divorcing couple and the effect the split has on their children.
That year Daniels also starred in the family film adaptation of Because of Winn-Dixie. Daniels then starred as the redneck comic foil to Robin Williams 's uptight business man in the vacation comedy RV , directed by Barry Sonnenfeld. He had a supporting role in the Truman Capote biopic Infamous and in two other independent films, Mama's Boy and The Lookout , for which he was nominated for a Satellite Award.
Daniels had a starring voice-over role as the villain Zartog in animated film Space Chimps. He then took back-to-back supporting roles in political thrillers: Also in , Daniels would appear in the indie hit Away We Go. He continued his theater work and had a starring role in the little-seen indie Howl , alongside James Franco as Allen Ginsberg. In , Daniels became the new announcing voice for Apple with the iPhone 5 ads. He played David in The Divergent Series: Allegiant and was set to reprise the role in the planned The Divergent Series: Daniels has focused on recording a number of songs that he has written throughout his life, apparently marking key moments.
Daniels was featured on the cover of the April—May issue of Guitar Aficionado magazine  as well as the July—August issue of Making Music , where he discussed his experiences with music. Daniels married his college sweetheart, a fellow Michigander from the Upper Peninsula Marquette Kathleen Rosemary Treado,  in In , Daniels moved back to his native Chelsea, Michigan.
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