Azabache (Cienfuegos 3) (Spanish Edition)
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A blue or green eye can also be found on some forms of the hamsa hand , an apotropaic hand-shaped talisman against the evil eye found in West Asia. The word hamsa, also spelled khamsa and hamesh, means "five" referring to the fingers of the hand.
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Though condemned as superstition by doctrinaire Muslims, it is almost exclusively among Muslims in the Near East and Mediterranean that the belief in envious looks containing destructive power or the talismanic power of a nazar to defend against them. To adherents of other faiths in the region, the nazar is an attractive decoration. A variety of motifs to ward off the evil eye are commonly woven into tribal kilim rugs.
Such motifs include a cross Turkish: The shape of a lucky amulet Turkish: Muska; often, a triangular package containing a sacred verse is often woven into kilims for the same reason. Assyrians are also strong believers in the evil eye.
Also, they might pinch the buttocks , comparable to Armenians. It is said that people with green or blue eyes are more prone to the evil eye effect. A simple and instant way of protection in European Christian countries is to make the sign of the cross with your hand and point two fingers, the index finger and the middle finger , towards the supposed source of influence or supposed victim as described in the first chapter of Bram Stoker 's novel Dracula published in When we started, the crowd round the inn door, which had by this time swelled to a considerable size, all made the sign of the cross and pointed two fingers towards me.
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With some difficulty, I got a fellow passenger to tell me what they meant. He would not answer at first, but on learning that I was English, he explained that it was a charm or guard against the evil eye. In Chapter II, five disciples of Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakai give advice on how to follow the good path in life and avoid the bad.
Rabbi Eliezer says an evil eye is worse than a bad friend, a bad neighbor, or an evil heart. Judaism believes that a "good eye" designates an attitude of good will and kindness towards others. Someone who has this attitude in life will rejoice when his fellow man prospers; he will wish everyone well. An "evil eye" denotes the opposite attitude. A man with "an evil eye" will not only feel no joy but experience actual distress when others prosper, and will rejoice when others suffer.
A person of this character represents a great danger to our moral purity. Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook explained that the evil eye is "an example of how one soul may affect another through unseen connections between them. We are all influenced by our environment The evil eye is the venomous impact from malignant feelings of jealousy and envy of those around us. Many Observant Jews avoid talking about valuable items they own, good luck that has come to them and, in particular, their children. Another way to ward off the evil eye is to spit three times or pretend to.
Romans call this custom "despuere malum," to spit at evil. It has also been suggested the 10th commandment: As a legacy of the Turkish Ottoman Empire , it is a common sight in Turkey , Romania , Albania , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bulgaria , Greece , Cyprus , Syria , Lebanon , Palestine , Egypt , Armenia , Iran , Pakistan , Uzbekistan , Afghanistan , Iraq and Azerbaijan , where the nazar is often hung in homes, offices, cars, children's clothing, or incorporated in jewellery and ornaments. They are a popular choice of souvenir with tourists.
Belief in the evil eye, or buda var. Buda is generally believed to be a power held and wielded by those in a different social group, for example among the metalworkers. Some Ethiopian Christians carry an amulet or talisman, known as a kitab , or will invoke God's name, to ward off the ill effects of buda. A debtera , who is either an unordained priest or educated layperson, will create these protective amulets or talismans.
Understanding of the evil eye varies by the level of education. Some perceive the use of black color to be useful in protecting from the evil eye. Others use " taawiz " to ward off the evil eye.
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Truck owners and other public transport vehicles may commonly be seen using a small black cloth on the bumpers to prevent the evil eye. Such prayers are revealed only under specific circumstances, as according to their customs those who reveal them indiscriminately lose their ability to cast off the evil eye. There are several regional versions of the prayer in question, a common one being: According to custom , if one is indeed afflicted with the evil eye, both victim and "healer" then start yawning profusely.
The "healer" then performs the sign of the cross three times, and emits spitting-like sounds in the air three times. A very similar ritual can be found in neighboring Macedonia and Bulgaria , as well as in Corsica. Another "test" used to check if the evil eye was cast is that of the oil: The test of the oil is performed by placing one drop of olive oil in a glass of water, typically holy water.
If the drop floats, the test concludes there is no evil eye involved. If the drop sinks, then it is asserted that the evil eye is cast indeed. Another form of the test is to place two drops of olive oil into a glass of water. If the drops remain separated, the test concludes there is no evil eye, but if they merge, there is. There is also a third form where in a plate full of water the "healer" places three or nine drops of oil. If the oil drops become larger and eventually dissolve in the water there is evil eye.
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If the drops remain separated from water in a form of a small circle there isn't. The first drops are the most important and the number of drops that dissolve in water indicate the strength of the evil eye. There is another form of the "test" where the "healer" prepares a few cloves by piercing each one with a pin. Then she lights a candle and grabs a pinned clove with a pair of scissors. She then uses it to do the sign of the cross over the afflicted whilst the afflicted is asked to think of a person who may have given him the evil eye.
Then the healer holds the clove over the flame. If the clove burns silently, there is no evil eye present; however, if the clove explodes or burns noisily, that means the person in the thoughts of the afflicted is the one who has cast the evil eye. As the clove explodes, the evil eye is released from the afflicted.
The burned cloves are extinguished into a glass of water and are later buried in the garden along with the pins as they are considered to be contaminated.
Since it is technically possible to give yourself the evil eye, it is advised to be humble. The Greek Fathers accepted the traditional belief in the evil eye, but attributed it to the Devil and envy. The cornicello , "little horn", also called the cornetto "little horn", plural cornetti , is a long, gently twisted horn-shaped amulet.
Cornicelli are usually carved out of red coral or made from gold or silver.
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The type of horn they are intended to copy is not a curled-over sheep horn or goat horn but rather like the twisted horn of an African eland or a chili pepper. One idea that the ribald suggestions made by sexual symbols distract the witch from the mental effort needed to successfully bestow the curse.
Another is that since the effect of the eye was to dry up liquids, the drying of the phallus resulting in male impotence would be averted by seeking refuge in the moist female genitals. Among the ancient Romans and their cultural descendants in the Mediterranean nations, those who were not fortified with phallic charms had to make use of sexual gestures to avoid the eye.
Such gestures include scratching one's testicles for men , as well as the mano cornuta gesture and the fig sign ; a fist with the thumb pressed between the index and middle fingers, representing the phallus within the vagina. In addition to the phallic talismans, statues of hands in these gestures, or covered with magical symbols, were carried by the Romans as talismans. In Latin America , carvings of the fist with the thumb pressed between the index and middle fingers continue to be carried as good luck charms.
The wielder of the evil eye, the jettatore , is described as having a striking facial appearance, high arching brows with a stark stare that leaps from his black eyes. He often has a reputation for clandestine involvement with dark powers and is the object of gossip about dealings in magic and other forbidden practices.
Successful men having tremendous personal magnetism quickly gain notoriety as jettatori. Pope Pius IX was dreaded for his evil eye, and a whole cycle of stories about the disasters that happened in his wake were current in Rome during the latter decades of the 19th century. Public figures of every type, from poets to gangsters, have had their specialized abilities attributed to the power of their eyes. They are said to protect fishermen from storms and malicious intentions. The evil eye or 'Mal de Ojo' has been deeply embedded in Spanish popular culture throughout its history and Spain is the origin of this superstition in Latin America.
In Mexico and Central America , infants are considered at special risk for the evil eye see mal de ojo , above and are often given an amulet bracelet as protection, typically with an eye-like spot painted on the amulet. Another preventive measure is allowing admirers to touch the infant or child; in a similar manner, a person wearing an item of clothing that might induce envy may suggest to others that they touch it or some other way dispel envy.
One traditional cure in rural Mexico involves a curandero folk healer sweeping a raw chicken egg over the body of a victim to absorb the power of the person with the evil eye. The egg is later broken into a glass with water and placed under the bed of the patient near the head. Sometimes it is checked immediately because the egg appears as if it has been cooked. When this happens it means that the patient did have Mal De Ojo.
Somehow the Mal De Ojo has transferred to the egg and the patient immediately gets well. The egg is also placed in a glass with water, under the bed and near the head, sometimes it is examined right away or in the morning and if the egg looks like it has been cooked then it means that they did have Mal de Ojo and the patient will start feeling better. Sometimes if the patient starts getting ill and someone knows that they had stared at patient, usually a child, if the person who stared goes to the child and touches them, the child's illness goes away immediately so the Mal De Ojo energy is released.
In some parts of South America the act of ojear , which could be translated as to give someone the evil eye , is an involuntary act. Someone may ojear babies, animals and inanimate objects just by staring and admiring them. This may produce illness, discomfort or possibly death on babies or animals and failures on inanimate objects like cars or houses. It's a common belief that since this is an involuntary act made by people with the heavy look , the proper way of protection is by attaching a red ribbon to the animal, baby or object, in order to attract the gaze to the ribbon rather than to the object intended to be protected.
Brazilians generally will associate mal-olhado , mau-olhado "act of giving a bad look" or olho gordo "fat eye" i. Unlike in most cultures mal-olhado is not seen to be something that risks young babies. It probably reflects the Galician folktales about the meigas or Portuguese magas, witches , as Colonial Brazil was primarily settled by Portuguese people , in numbers greater than all Europeans to settle pre-independence United States.
Those bruxas are interpreted to have taken the form of moths, often very dark, that disturb children at night and take away their energy.
Translation of «azabache» into 25 languages
For that reason, Christian Brazilians often have amulets in the form of crucifixes around, beside or inside beds where children sleep. Nevertheless, older children, especially boys, that fulfill the cultural ideals of behaving extremely well for example, having no problems whatsoever in eating well a great variety of foods, being obedient and respectful toward adults, kind, polite, studious, and demonstrating no bad blood with other children or their siblings who unexpectedly turn into problematic adolescents or adults for example lacking good health habits, extreme laziness or lacking motivation towards their life goals, having eating disorders, or being prone to delinquency , are said to have been victims of mal-olhado coming from parents of children whose behavior was not as admirable.
Amulets that protect against mal-olhado tend to be generally resistant, mildly to strongly toxic and dark plants in specific and strategic places of a garden or the entry to a house. Though the last four ones should not be used for their common culinary purposes by humans. Other popular amulets against evil eye include: Mal ojo often occurs without the dimension of envy, but insofar as envy is a part of ojo, it is a variant of this underlying sense of insecurity and relative vulnerability to powerful, hostile forces in the environment.
In her study of medical attitudes in the Santa Clara Valley of California, Margaret Clark arrives at essentially the same conclusion: These forces may be witches, evil spirits, the consequences of poverty, or virulent bacteria that invade his body. The scapegoat may be a visiting social worker who unwittingly 'cast the evil eye' Mexican folk concepts of disease are based in part on the notion that people can be victimized by the careless or malicious behavior of others".
De esos hombres hechos a mano. Aquellos que visiten este El futuro del azabache , a estudio tras Semana Santa. Azabache perro antiexplosivos del Ejercito que murio al pisar una Sentimientos encontrados en el sector del azabache. Spanish words that begin with a. Spanish words that begin with az. Spanish words that begin with aza. Retrieved 5 December Retrieved 27 May The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 27, Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.