A Chronological History of the Voyages and Discoveries in the South Sea

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Many of the works were beautifully illustrated with woodcuts or engravings of animals or scenes of exotic lands. The online Beagle library now allows anyone to see the amazing range of images that Darwin poured over during the voyage of the Beagle. Compendio de la historia geografica natural y civil del Reyno de Chile. A voyage of discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and round the world.

Compendio de la historia civil de Reyno de Chile. Travels in Europe, Africa and Asia, performed between the years and A voyage round the world performed in the years , , , and A voyage to the South Atlantic and round Cape Horn into the Pacific Ocean, for the purpose of extending the spermaceti whale fisheries, and other objects of commerce, by ascertaining the ports, bays, harbours, and anchoring births, in certain islands and coasts in those seas at which the ships of the British merchants might be refitted.

The fishhook was made of shell, and like a small anchovy. They laid the looking-glass and the beads several times upon their heads, and one of them hung the spike nails round his neck. But as the shutter was before the looking-glass so that they could not. We showed them an old cocoa-nut and a fowl, and asked them from our Vocabulary for hogs, and fresh water; but we did not make them understand us. At last, they left us and went on shore, and it seemed to us as if they went for the purpose of fetching something for us.

In the afternoon, we saw many people running along the shore with white flags, which we took to be meant for signs of peace, and we hoisted a white flag at our stern; whereupon four strong men in a small canoe carrying a white flag, put off from the shore and came on board us. The men were painted black from the middle to the thighs, and they had coverings of leaves round their necks.

They delivered to us some cloth made of the bark of a tree; and the white flag they fixed on the stem of our boat. We judged from their gift, and by their canoe being better than the common ones, that they came from the King or Chief of the Country; and we gave them in return, a looking-glass, a knife, a piece of linen, and two spikes. We filled a wine-glass with wine, and drank it, to show them that it was nothing hurtful, and then filled the glass again and gave it them: In a short time after, a great many canoes came to the ships, bringing cocoa-nuts, for which we gave old nails in exchange, at the rate of three or four cocoa-nuts for a double spike.

Besides those who came in the canoes, several of the natives swam from the shore, bringing things to exchange. Presently, a grave old man came on board of us, to whom the other Islanders showed much respect, so that he seemed to be their Chief. We conducted him to our Cabin. He paid us his respects, by bowing his head upon our feet; and we did him honour our way. We showed him a cup of fresh water, and he made signs that there was fresh water on shore. We made him a present of a piece of linen and several other things. This afternoon we detected one. We took the things from him without anger.

When it was near sunset, about 20 canoes came from the shore and took stations near our ship in a regular order. The people in them were very loud, and called out several times, Woo, Woo, Woo! The bearer of this was one of the four men who had first come to us with the white flag and the cloth. We returned by him a plate and some brass wire. We continued to make exchanges for provisions, until it began to grow dark, when all the natives went ashore except one, who staid and slept on board of us.

The 22d, in the morning, many canoes came off to us with cocoa-nuts, yams, bananas, plantains, hogs, and fowls, which they exchanged for nails, beads, and linen. Several women also came on board, both old and young. The elder women had the little finger cut off from both hands; but the young women had not. The meaning of this we could not guess. The person who yesterday brought the presents, came this morning with two hogs; and we in return gave him a handsome knife and eight spike nails.

We likewise gave this old man a satin habit, a hat, and a shirt, which we put on him. We carried some of the natives below to see our ship, and fired one of our great guns, which frightened them a good deal, but seeing that nobody was hurt, they were soon easy again. About noon, a large boat with a sail, such as is drawn in Le Maire and Schouten's Voyage, came to us. They made us a present of their cloth and some provisions, for which we made returns, and caused our music to be played, which they admired. Gillemans going in them. Some of the inhabitants also went from the ship with our people to shew them where the fresh water was.

They rowed a good way towards the NE coast of this land, and arrived at last at a place where there were three small wells; but with so little water in them that they were obliged to take it up with cocoa-nut shells; and what they took was of a bad colour. The natives who conducted our men, led them farther into the country to a pleasant valley, where they were seated upon fine mats, and fresh water in cocoa-nut shells brought to them. In the evening, the boats returned on board, bringing a live hog: We got by exchanges in the course of this day, near 40 hogs and 70 fowls, at the rate of a spike nail and a yard of old sail-cloth for a hog, and a double middle nail for a fowl; yams, cocoa-nuts, and fruits we bought for coral or beads.

These people have no idea of tobacco, or of smoking. We saw no arms among them, so that here was altogether peace and friendship. The women wear a covering of mat-work that reaches from the middle to the knees: They cut their hair shorter than that of the men. This morning, myself and the Skipper of our ship, Gerard Janszoon, went on shore with the shallop and two boats to dig for fresh water. We made the Chief understand that the wells ought to be made larger, and he directly set his people to work to do it for us; and in the mean while, he went with us to the valley, and ordered mats to be spread on the ground, and when we were seated, cocoa-nuts and fresh fish and several fruits were brought to us.

He behaved to us with great friendship. The place where our boats were laying to fetch water. Where the natives came with cocoanuts and sat down with flags of peace. Where our people kept guard. Where we sat with the King and were well treated. The place where the King and principal People went daily to wash. Their vessels at anchor. One of their vessels under sail, made of two prauws joined together. We told him we had been more than a hundred days at sea, at which he and the natives were much astonished.

We explained to them that we came to their country for water and provisions; and they answered us that we should have as much as we could wish for. We filled to day nine casks with water, and the Chief made us a present of four live hogs, a good many fowls, with cocoa-nuts and sugar canes.

We presented him with two yards of cloth, six large spikes, and six strings of coral. I ordered a white flag to be brought, and we went with it to three of their Chiefs, to whom we explained that we wished it to be set up in that valley, and that it might remain there as a sign of peace between us: The anchoring ground where the ships lay was steep and rocky; and about noon this day, whilst I was on shore, the Heemskerk was driven off the bank by the strengh of the trade wind, without being able to help it, and she drifted out to sea.

There were but few people on board, and it was midnight before they got the anchor quite up and secured. We obtained by exchanges with the inhabitants this day, hogs, fowls, and a large quantity of yarns, and other fruits. As I could not get to my ship, I was obliged to pass the night on board the Zeehaan. The 24th, in the morning, the Heesmkerk was four miles to leeward of the Island. The Zeehaan therefore was got under sail and we went out and joined her.

When I got on board the Heemskerk, we held a Council, and there being little prospect that we should be able to fetch up to the Island again, as the trade wind was strong from the SE, we resolved to proceed on our voyage, and to stop at some other Island, if we should meet with any. Diemen's Road ; and the Bay where our boats went to fetch water we named Maria's Bay ; in honour of our Governor General, and his Lady.

From our anchoring place at Amsterdam , two high but small Islands, about one mile and a half each in circumference, bore NbW, distant seven or eight miles. We directed our course NE, and about three in the afternoon, we saw a low and pretty large Island, distant four or five miles ENE from us. A short time afterwards, we saw three small Islands Eastward, and two others to the SE from us.

They are all low land. We steered ENE for the largest Island, and anchored by the West side of it in 12 fathoms, shelly bottom, about a musket shot distance from land. NWbN from us, distant eight or nine miles, we saw two high Islands; and to the North and N Eastward we saw seven small Islands, distant from us about three or four miles. Most of these Islands have reefs of coral rock round about them: The 25th, in the morning, several canoes came on hoard of us with cocoa-nuts, yams, and plantains, to exchange for nails, of which they were very desirous.

It seems that but a few people live on this Island. Our chief pilot and the Master went with the shallop and both the boats for fresh water, one of the inhabitants going with them to show them where it was. We gave small presents to some of the natives, that they might know we did not desire to take their water without paying them for it.

About two hours before sunset, the Master and pilot returned on board. They reported that they found on shore 60 or 70 persons sitting down, whom they believed to be all the men on this Island: They saw also many women and children, and were shewn a good path which led landwards two-thirds of a mile, to a piece of fresh water about a quarter of a mile in.

They walked round by the edge of this lake, and found that it lay within a musket shot of the sea on the North side of the Island, where there was a good sandy Bay, and smooth water for landing and for loading the boats. In the front of this Bay was a coral reef, in which there was an opening on the West side. As this was at the North side of the Island, and our ships lay at the West side, the boats had to row along the shore a full mile to come at the Bay near the fresh water.

About three hours after sunset, our boats returned on board with water. The tide rises and falls here about eight feet. In the lake of fresh water were a good many wild duck, which were not at all shy. The inhabitants came to us with fruits and a few hogs. They are a thievish people, and steal every thing they can get at.

Their clothing and manners are the same as those of the people of Amsterdam Island , except that the men had not so long and thick hair. The women seemed to he as strong in their bodies and limbs as the men. We named this Island Rotterdam. The natives called it Amamocka. We continued at anchor taking on board fresh water, and making exchanges for provisions: On the 31st, at noon, I went on shore with the chief pilot, the Skipper of our ship, and Mr. Gillemans, the merchant of the Zeehaan, to take our leave, and to make some more exchanges. When we landed, a great many of the natives assembled about us.

We asked two of the principal among them to lead us to the Chief of the Island; and they conducted us by narrow paths, which were very dirty from much rain having fallen in the two last days, to the South side of the Island, where many cocoa-nut trees were regularly planted. From here they took us to the East side of the Island where six large vessels with masts were lying.

They then led us to a pool of water which was about a mile in circumference; but we were not yet come to the Aigy or Latoun , as they call their Chief. When we had rested, we again asked where the Aigy was; and they pointed to the other side of the pool of water: In our walk, we saw several pieces of cultivated ground, or gardens, where the beds were regularly laid out into squares, and planted with different plants and fruits; bananas and other trees placed in strait lines, which made a pleasant show, and spread round about a very agreeable and fine odour: They know nothing about Religion or Divine Worship: They kill no flies, though they are very.

Our steersman accidentally killed a fly in the presence of one of the principal people, who could not help shewing anger at it. The people of this Island have no King or Chief, and are without government; nevertheless they punished a man who was detected in stealing from us, by beating him with an old cocoa-nut on the back till the nut broke. In the afternoon, we discovered an Island of a tolerable height, bearing NEbE from us about seven miles distant. Our course was North. After three glasses of the dog watch had run out, we saw land, and immediately changed our course Southward till seven glasses were out, and then turned Northward.

The 6th, in the morning, we saw the land again, which we found to be three small Islands, with many sand banks and shoals round them. A large reef was to the Westward, which extended to the South, and gave us some apprehension. We sailed Southward close to the wind, which was from ESE. This reef was eight or nine miles in length; and right before us we saw breakers, which we did not dare attempt to pass.

We could not clear this reef, neither could we clear a reef which. We observed a small channel about twice the length of a ship wide, where there was no surf; and as we had no other chance for safety, we steered for it, and passed through the [opening in the] reef, having four fathoms depth, being all the time under a great deal of anxiety. You meet every where hereabouts with shoals, and there are here likewise about 18 or 19 Islands which you cannot coast on account of the reefs.

When we were clear within the opening, we wished much to anchor near one of the Islands, but could not find anchorage for the many shoals and reefs. After noon, we directed our course Northward to try to get out of these difficulties before night. There were many sands to the North, which we could scarcely keep clear of; but at last we found a passage between the reefs.

It was a great disappointment to us that we could not find anchorage among these Islands. In the evening we saw three hills, which we took to be so many Islands. Part of the first watch of the night we ran back to avoid sands. After five glasses [i. The wind was fresh from NE, and blew strong with rain. Early in the morning we came close upon an Island, and therefore we turned again Southward till day-break. We then saw the Island which yesterday evening bore NbW, and again put about to the Northward. The wind was NE and stormy; and we went with shortened sail to the NW. This day we held Council amongst ourselves in the Heemskerk, it being too stormy for our friends of the Zeehaan to come on board; and we came to a resolution to steer a.

In the large map of the South Sea , there are marked some Islands in the same latitude as the Islands we have met with, but differing in longitude above miles from our accounts. However, as our voyage is very long, and we have sailed much East, and much West, it is possible there might be such a difference. The Islands by which we were so much encompassed on the 6th, are about 18 or 20 in number, perhaps more, as we could not exactly number them in the dark weather we had. For that interval therefore, the winds and the ship's place on every day at noon, are here set down tabular-wise, as being best adapted for giving a clear view of the navigation.

Had a continuance of fine weather. The breeze light from the East and NE, with smooth water. In the evening, we sailed near to and along the North part of the land, which we found to be many very small Islands, about twenty. The largest of them is not more than two miles long, and they all lay within one reef. A reef runs off NW, upon which are three cocoa-nut trees, by which it may easily be known again.

We named them Onthona Java for the great resemblance they have with it. In the evening we saw more land to the NNW; we therefore kept by the wind to the NNE in the night, with the foresail up. The 23d, when it was day, we set sail and steered West. The Islands we saw yesterday evening bore South, about three miles distant. At night we lay to, for fear of coming on the Islands named Marken. In the morning we made sail again, and steered West. About noon, we saw land right before us, very low, and appearing like two Islands, SE and NW one from the other. In the evening we steered to pass to the Northward of these Islands.

In the night we floated with a calm sea which set us towards them. In the morning watch before it was day-light, we heard the surf beating against the shore. It was still calm, and we got our boats out to tow, to keep us from the reefs; but the current and swell carried us towards them, and we could not find anchorage. About nine o'clock in the forenoon, a canoe with seven men in it came from the land to us. They brought about twenty cocoa-nuts of a wild kind and not very good, for which we gave them three strings of coral and some nails.

These people were naked, except a piece of cloth which seemed to be of cotton round their waist. They were blacker than the inhabitants of the Islands we had been at, and not so civil or friendly in their behaviour. Some of them had their hair cut short, and others had it bound up like those villains at Moordenaar's Bay. One man had two feathers on the crown of his head, like two horns: They did not set much value on the things we gave them. They were armed with bows and arrows.

A breeze sprung up from the South, which happily carried us from the reef; and the canoe returned to the shore. There are 15 or 16 Islands in this groupe. The largest is about one mile long; the rest look almost like houses, and they lay all together within one reef. This reef towards the NW extends about a gun-shot beyond the Islands.

At the NW part, is a small wood or cluster of trees growing on. The reef extends still farther N Westward half a mile. We sailed on towards the West, and NW. We altered our course more to the West. We had a weak breeze from East with fine weather and smooth sea. Towards noon we saw land strait before us. The land was then about four miles distant. At night we floated in a calm sea. The 29th in the morning, we found the current had set us towards the Islands. In the middle of the afternoon, two small boats came to us from the shore: When they came within a ship's length of us, a man sitting in one of the canoes broke an arrow in the middle, and put one half in his hair, which we supposed he meant as a token of friendship.


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These people were naked, their bodies quite black; they had curled hair, but not so woolly as the hair of the Caffres; and their noses were not so flat. They had bracelets apparently made of bones;. We spoke to them from our Vocabulary of the Nova Guinea language, but they did not understand any thing we said except the word Lamas , which signifies cocoa-nuts.

They brought nothing with them but their bows and arrows. We gave them some beads and nails. Towards evening a light breeze from the NE drove us towards the Islands, and kept us employed during the first part of the night in towing the ships. By the end of the second night watch, we had past clear. These are what Le Maire has named Groene Islands.

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There are five of them; to wit, two large Islands, and three small, which are on the West side. We saw to the WSW another large island, and two or three very small Islands; and also to the Westward, very high land, which seemed to be of an extensive coast. A light breeze from the NE. Observed a current setting us Southward. In the evening, St.

Jan's Island bore NW, about six miles distant. Thus appeared Anthony Kaan's Island when it bore North from us. Thus appeared Gerrit Denys Island when bearing North distant two miles. Thus appeared Vischers Island bearing East distant four miles. The 2d, we had light winds and calms. We endeavoured to sail along the coast which here lies NW and SE. About 10 miles distant from St. Jan's is another Island, which we named Anthony Kaan's Island. It bears due North from the Cape Santa Maria. In the night we had a land wind with which we held on our course N Westward.

The 3d, in the forenoon, we saw a vessel coming towards us from the land: They did not venture within reach of gun-shot, and after a little time, went back to the shore. This seems to be a very fine land; but we could find no anchorage. In the night we had lightning and rain, and the wind variable. The 4th, we sailed along the coast, which extends NWbW with a great many Bays.

We called it Gerrit Denys Island. In the night had a land wind, with thunder, lightning and rain. Some boats which we supposed to be fishing boats were lying close under this Island, and therefore we named it Vischer's Island. We threw some beads, nails, and pieces of sail cloth into the water to float towards them; but they did not mind these things, and pointed to their heads, as if they wanted turbans.

They were very shy, and kept at a distance as if they were afraid of a shot. They paddled a good while round the ships, sometimes giving a loud call to us, which we answered; and at length they returned to the land. In the morning it was calm. Eight small canoes came from Vischer's Island , but they stopped at some distance, in the same manner as the boats which came yesterday, till one of our quartermasters took off his girdle and shewed to them; upon which, one of the canoes came to the ship.

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We made the people in her a present of a string of coral, and our quartermaster gave them his girdle: They gave us a little sago, which was the only commodity they had in their boats. These people are black as Hottentots can be; their hair is of different colours, which is caused by powdering it with lime and ochre; they paint their faces red, the forehead excepted; and some among them had something white as big as a little finger sticking through their noses.

They came without arms, and were without covering except some green leaves round their middle. Their canoes had each one outrigger. In the afternoon, we had a good breeze from the SE. At night the wind was from the land, and weak. We bought of them a shark which they call Isdaxa and a dorado, for which we gave three strings of beads, and a cap. At going away, they altogether set up a loud shout. Westward of us, the land begins to be very low, but the coast extends as far as we could see WbN and WNW.

In the afternoon, we saw high land bearing WbN and West, distant by estimation 10 miles.

A chronological history of the discoveries in the South Sea or Pacific Ocean ...

We had a current setting along the coast always in our favour. In the night we passed a large Bay. The 8th, in the morning, we sailed by four low Islands, and as we passed them, found three more small Islands together near them Westward, which we passed before noon.. Wind Easterly but variable. In the afternoon, we came near a low point of land, to the North of which lie two small Islands. The coast of the main land begins here to decline to the South.

At sunset, the two small Islands bore SbW; and the most advanced part of the main land in sight, which was flat and low, bore from us SWbS, distant about four miles. Here the land is suddenly terminated. We saw likewise a small low Island SSW, about two miles distant. We endeavoured to sail by the point of the main land, but it was calm. We kept our course towards the South, partly to discover more lands, and partly to see if there was a passage here to the South.

Had weak variable winds. The 12th, in the night, there was a shock of an earthquake so strong that it awoke every person on board who was asleep, and they came terrified upon deck thinking the ship had struck against rocks. We tried for soundings, but, found no bottom. We afterwards felt several shocks, but less violent than the first. The weather was soon after rainy, but the wind soft and variable.

It appears to us as if we are in a large Bay; for the water here is as smooth as in a river. In the evening we directed our course towards some mountains that bore SSW from us. We hoped to find a passage between them; but on coming nearer,we found a Bay, and that the land all joined. About three o'clock in the afternoon, we met with a ledge or reef of rocks, some part level with the surface of the water.

We conjectured this reef to be two miles distant from the. The 15th, we advanced but little. In the evening, a high Island bore from us due NW, distant six miles. The 16th, we floated in a calm sea. The main land begins here to extend from one point to another nearly WbN. We saw on it high mountains and some fine vallies.

This morning we passed by the South of the high Island, and had other Islands in sight. At sunset the high Island bore from us EbN six or seven miles; and the West part of a high mountain on the main land of Nova Guinea bore SWbS six or seven miles distant. We kept our course Westward. At two in the afternoon we fell in with some rocky banks and reefs; and from our mast-head saw several small reefs to the Northward, between some of which there was apparently deep water.

We ran Southward, and that way found a passage between the reefs, when we resumed our course WSW; the round Island which at noon bore South, at this time bearing SEbE, about four miles distant; and the Northern part of some mountainous land which we supposed,and which proved: In the night we came close under the Vulcan's Island mentioned by W. We saw a great fire continually rising out of the mountains. We saw also many fires near the waterside, and inland between the mountains, so that this seems to be a very populous Island.

We heard the ripling of the current, which set us Westward. In sailing along this coast of Nova Guinea , we continually saw floating wood, such as trees and bushes; and we passed through muddy streaks which seemed to come from rivers. In the morning the body of Vulcan's Island bore East distant three miles. High Mountain , so named with reason by Willem Schouten. In the night we sailed between the main land of Nova Guinea , and the Hooge Bergh which continually cast out flames from its top. We observed that here the land of Nova Guinea near the sea shore begins to be low; therefore for fear of coming into danger, at the end of the first night watch we took in all our sails and let the ship drift with the current, which we always found to run Westward.

The Hooge Bergh during the whole night was in violent flames. We set our sails at day-light and steered WNW. At sunrise we came into quite black water, and for fear it should be a shoal, we altered our course Northward. Westward, we saw three more Islands. When we had sailed one mile Northward, and more distant from the low land, we sounded; and finding no bottom, we again directed our course WNW along the coast.

We passed this day six small Islands, all of which we left on our right hand. Wind from the ENE, a fine breeze. The land hereabouts is low and full of rivers, whence come trees and brush-wood floating in whitish sandy water. In the night, we passed a high Island which was between us and the main land. The 23d, we continued our course WNW, the wind still Easterly. This morning we passed so many pieces of trees, bamboos, and shrubs, floating, that we supposed ourselves to be in a large river; and we found we were set off from the shore by a current.

In the afternoon, we again came close to the land, and a boat of the country went near the Zeehaan. The 24th, we continued our course WNW. In the second watch of the night, we saw low land before us with fires on it. We took in sail and lay by the wind to wait for day-light. The 25th, in the morning, we made sail towards the low land on which we had seen fires in the night, which we found to be three low Islands lying near the main land; and shortly after, we saw the Island Moa which is about five miles farther along the coast Westward.

In the forenoon we anchored by the West side of an Island, in 12 fathoms depth, on a good bottom of grey sand. We had much rain and a swell from the NW. A great many small canoes flocked round our ships, but they continued.

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We fastened some beads to pieces of wood and threw towards them; and at length they all came to the ships. They had with them only three cocoa-nuts; but they soon went to the shore and returned again with cocoa-nuts, unripe bananas, and fish both dried and fresh. These things they sold to us for nails, beads, and knives; giving 12 or 14 cocoanuts for a knife. The current has constantly run Westward, and has set us along the coast at the rate of four, five, or six miles a day.

From the anchorage we now lay at, two small Islands are in sight to the Westward; also the Island Arimoa bearing NWbW, distant by conjecture eight or nine miles. In the evening, all the natives left our ships. Their canoes are very narrow, being not more than a foot in breadth. In the morning, the natives came again with cocoa-nuts and unripe bananas. It seems that at this time they have no great plenty of provisions for themselves.

We obtained however as many cocoa-nuts as served out five to each man of our crew. The wind during the day was from the NE, and in the night SE from the land. In the morning, the wind was from the SW. Many boats or canoes came to us from the main land, and from different Islands near us, with fish, cocoa-nuts, and unripe bananas, to traffic.

Among these vessels, two were large and carried each 18 or 20 men, armed with pikes, bows and arrows, and harpoons. The people here are almost quite black and naked. They could pronounce after us the words of our language very exactly. In their own language they make much use of the letter R, and in some words pronounce it as if it were three times together.

We bartered for as many cocoa-nuts to day as served to each. The 28th, early in the morning, we sailed from Jamna , and at noon anchored close to the Island Moa , in 10 fathoms muddy bottom. Immediately a great many small canoes came to us with cocoa-nuts and bananas. The cocoa-nuts purchased to day served six to each man. The 29th, the canoes of the natives came on board with provisions as usual, and we served out four cocoa-nuts to each of our men. We consulted this evening, and resolved to sail and proceed on our voyage as soon as wind and weather would permit. The 30th, the wind blew hard from WNW, and the sea was high, which prevented our getting under sail.

We trafficked for as many cocoa-nuts as the natives brought. The wind continued to blow from the WNW, and the current set Eastward, therefore we remained at anchor. In the forenoon we trafficked with the natives, but in the afternoon it blew hard and they did not come off.

On the 3d, in the morning, the boats of the natives again came on board. We were busied in cleaning the ship; and as one of our seamen was standing by the shrowds to hand over the buckets of water, a native shot at him with an arrow, which went into his thigh. We fired muskets among their canoes, and wounded one man in the arm. Soon after, we took up our anchors and ran in between the two Islands [ Moa and Insou ] to where Jacob Le Maire had formerly moored his ship; and we cast anchor there in six fathoms, muddy bottom, in calm water and safe from all winds.

The inhabitants, when they saw the ships sailing towards them, were much alarmed, and held up branches of trees; and in a short time they sent on board to us the man who had shot the arrow, to make peace with us. When this was done, the natives came to the ships again as at first,. We bought so many cocoa-nuts this day that each of our crew had nine. The 5th, the wind was still Westerly. We bartered for cocoanuts, but what we got were small and unripe.

The 6th, about eight in the morning, a breeze sprung up from the land, and we took up our anchors to proceed on our voyage. At these Islands, Jamna and Moa , we procured 6, cocoa-nuts, and about bunches of bananas for the two ships. The 9th, we passed by the North side of Arimoa. At sunset the North point of the Island bore EbS, distant seven miles. We were here in 67 fathoms depth about three miles from the shore [of the main land of New Guinea ], which is very low.


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  • The wind was NW, and we sailed slowly along [and slanting towards] the shore, having soundings at 50, 40, 30, and 24 fathoms, all good bottom, and then we put about on the other tack. The 10th, the wind was from the South. We sailed here along a low coast, in thick water of a greenish colour, which we supposed to come out of rivers, but we were too far from the land to distinguish exactly. We observed however, that the stream here set us continually off shore.

    The 11th at noon, the wind was SE; the land not in sight. In the night we had a fine breeze, but at times light. It seems however as if this was the beginning of the Eastern Monsoon. The 12th, we saw Willem Schouten's Island. At noon the North part of the Island bore from us due West distant six miles. In the night we sailed along the North coast of Schouten's Island.

    The 13th, in the morning, the West point of Schouten's Island bore nearly WbS from us, two miles distant; and a small Island bore from us NWbN, distant from the aforesaid point three or four miles. Wind from between the East and SE. In the morning we came close to the land of New Guinea. The inner land is very high, like the Island Formosa ; but near the coast, the land is almost every where low. It is as high as the land of Formosa. The 15th, we had a light wind from ENE.

    At noon, the Cape de Goede Hoop bore South, distant three miles. The 16th, we were sailing past the Bay into which W. Schouten went and was obliged to return. We had light winds and much calm, but we perceive by the land that the current every day sets us Westward. We saw several small Islands near the aforesaid West point. This morning we sailed by the North side of a small Island, at about a mile distance, and passed over a bank on which we sounded in nine fathoms, stony bottom.

    CAPTAIN COOK'S INCREDIBLE EXPLORATION - Full Documentary

    When we had passed this first bank, we had deep water; but soon after, we found ourselves, in seven fathoms, the Island then bearing SbE. We saw five or six other Islands before us Westward. At noon, the small Island we had passed bore East, distant about three miles. We left them on our right hand; and on our left we passed four small Islands which lay close to the main land of New Guinea. Along the coast are several small Bays, but with great depth of water. In the night we anchored in 40 fathoms sandy bottom, opposite to a Bay, and about three quarters of a mile from the shore, a large Island bearing from us WbS, distant about six miles.

    The 18th, early in the morning, we weighed anchor, and steered for a Strait between the main land and the Island. At noon, we had a weak breeze from the West and found a current setting against us, on which account we anchored, having bottom at 16 fathoms, coral.