Photo Dictionary: Pictures of Herbs and Spices (Natural Health Book 15)
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Would you like to tell us about a lower price? The Natural Health Dictionary is for anyone who wants to take control of his or her self-knowledge to live a long, happy life in peak condition. This book will simplify the natural health basics--and it goes wherever you go. It unlocks the secrets of the natural world for you, revealing at a glance healing herbs, 80 longevity foods, supplements, nutrients, and vitamins, as well as 70 traditional remedies that preserve your health and defend you from disease. Read more Read less. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser.
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This book is great; it provides trustworthy information from a natural health specialist on herbs and supplements, foods, and common health conditions. For each entry Dr. Mao talks about basic background information of the subject, treatment information, and for herbs and supplements he even provides remedies and practical lifestyle tips.
Difference Between Herbs and Spices | Old Farmer's Almanac
I find myself learning how to live a robust and healthy life with each reference, not just how to treat the symptom of a larger issue. These plants in the tables we are discussing have been in use for centuries in treating or managing conditions in male reproductive organs. The medicinal plants used such as Citropsis articulata, Cannabis sativa, Cleome gynandra and Cola acuminata are frequently utilized.
Some of these plants Citropsis articulata, Cola acuminate are already under sale for treating these conditions. Their propagation is on-going in western Uganda in places like Rukararwe Partnership Workshop for Rural Development Centre in Bushenyi District 36 and researchers personal experience at Rukararwe.
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Rukararwe is a non-governmental organisation that is processing herbs, running a famous herbal clinic and with a medicinal plants arboretum and medicinal plants agro-forestry. A plant like Cleome gynandra is a popular vegetable used all over Uganda and is on sale in most markets. Other medicinal plants that are food stuff include Allium cepa onions , Allium sativum garlic , Rhus vulgaris, Capsicum frutescens red pepper and Zingiber officinale Ginger are also on sale in most markets of Uganda and internationally.
In addition, the roots of Mondia whiteii are used as an aphrodisiac for males and for improving female sexuality women's Viagra in most areas of Uganda 11 particularly in urban centres and the Kampala City. To date, Mondia whiteii has been an old traded medicinal plant in most in Kampala. The Mulondo Wine is also believed to be an aphrodisiac for both men and women. The herbal medicines used in the management of sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction are mainly prepared by pounding, chewing and boiling and are mainly orally administered.
The traditional healers treat sexual impotence and ED by prescribing some of these herbs in tea or using local beers, fermented milk and porridge. Some herbs are herbs are roasted or smoked such as coffee before administration. The dispensing of herbal medicines used in sexual impotence and ED using local beers, fermented milk and porridge possibly the alcoholic content improves on the kind of active chemicals extracted than water alone Some studies carried in and outside Uganda show that some of these plants listed in the management of sexual impotence and ED may be potent.
Some of these medicinal plants are regarded as traditionally aphrodisiacs, implying that they have ability to increase sexual desires. For instance, Cola acuminata fruits are widely used herbal remedies in ED and are harvested from the forests of Democratic Republic of Congo. The roasted seeds in Europe are used as strong stimulant, in addition to the treatment of migraine, neuralgia, diarrhoea and stimulant or cardiotonic, loss of appetite, antidepressant and melancholy severe form of depression 7.
Coffee is drunk for certain migraine, nausea, resuscitation and diuretic 7. Coffee is a famous stimulant used world over as a beverage. However, the wild coffee species are more popular in treating ED and are believed to contain more alkaloids caffeine. Coffee is further reported to be a nervous system stimulant Pampalona-Roger, Cannabis sativa Marijuana is smoked by mentally sick and impoverished men 7. Allium sativum garlic is used in treatment of diabetes, high blood pressure, prevention of arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries and is one of the causes of ED 7.
Garlic reduces blood sugar levels and blood cholesterol levels which are the direct causes of ED if not checked. The Zingiber officinalis ginger volatile oils from the rhizome are used for stimulating the nerves and making then sensitive 7. Capsicum frutescens in many African cultures is a known powerful stimulant and carminative Capsicum frutescens chilli contains enzyme capsaicine that helps in blood clotting fibrinolytic and people who consume C.
In addition, the pharmacological tests showed that the capsaicin chemical compound from Capsicum frutescens acted like powerful stimulant of the receptors participating in circulatory and respiratory reflexes Phytolacca dodecandra leaves and roots are pounded and smeared on ripe banana and then the ripe banana roasted before being eaten for treating erectile dysfunction. However, care has to be taken Phytolacca dodecandra is poisonous. Cola acuminata fruits are mixed with other plants in Benin to treat primary and secondary sterility Cola acuminata is also said to be diuretic and laxative when administered orally Some Acacia species are regarded as aphrodisiacs in Niger 2.
Cassia species have high repute as drugs and poisons. For instance, Cassia sieberiana is used urinary problems, impotence and kidney diseases in Mali In Burkina Faso, Cassia occidentalis is used as a stimulant Flueggea virosa is famous medicine in African cultures. Flueggea virosa used in sterility, aphrodisiacs, stimulant, rheumatism, arthritis, spermatorrhoea, kidney and liver problems among many other diseases treated 17 , In Uganda gender specific malfunctions or complications or diseases and conditions in reproductive health care are not given the due regard and the suffering persons tend to shy away.
Sexual impotence and ED in men is considered a secret affair and the suffering persons keep quite or seek medical help in privacy.
The psychologically affected men will try other women to test the viability of their manhood. The same is true, women with spouses with such erectile problems may be tempted to go outside their marriage vows to satisfy their sexual needs. Only the few elite educated and with money seek modern medical care privately and secretly.
The description of impotent men in western Uganda among the Banyankore ethnic grouping is literally translated as the persons having no legs Kifabigyere, Runyankore Dialect to imply that the penis is dead cannot bear children. There are other various terms used to describe such men with sexual impotence and ED like the one trampled by a goat, [Akaribatwa embuzi empene , Kinyankore dialect]. The men who were unable to have children were not supposed to be given the positions of responsibility or leadership because they were regarded as abnormal.
Socially these men were excluded from society, even on drinking joints for the local brew or beer, they are not expected to talk and if they talked, they are hushed. Even women and children always taunted the suffering individuals. Socio-economically, sexual impotence and ED is demeaning and tortures the sufferers by reducing their self-esteem and worthiness in the society. Culturally, in olden days, the impotent men married wives and entrust their wives to very close friends and or relatives to bear them children.
Although there are few men who are born absolutely impotent, the number of men with erectile problems are many especially those tending to 50 years and above.
ED has profound effect on psychological well being, it can be devastating, it can lead to low self-esteem, depression, negative effect on relationships and reduced life satisfaction Among several other causes, aging is one of the factors leading to ED. ED is slowly creating adverse problems in homes in Uganda and particularly, among the mid-aged and old men.
The men with sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction deserve proper diagnosis of the conditions and treatment. Thus, the plant remedies described may be healthy if administered. Erectile dysfunction is a common problem in men of all ages than publicly perceived. Since, I started the research in reproductive health care; the commonest question asked by men is related with medicinal plants that empower male sexuality. So far, several males have been consulting on the treatment of ED using herbal remedies, either by themselves or through friends The proved herbal remedies with therapeutic values such as Prunus africana used in the treatment of hypertrophy in male genitalia is indicative that some herbals may be potent though not yet studied comprehensively 5 , However, most of the herbal remedies used in male ailments are not well documented and researched.
The dangers of loosing valuable indigenous knowledge IK on sexual impotence and ED are likely to occur because westernization in the present generation. This indigenous knowledge in medicine ought to be documented for future use and sustainable utilisation According to the convention on biological diversity CBD 6 , specific reference is made to the need to protect the world's indigenous cultures and traditions Art. This article points out that national legislation need to respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities encompassing traditional life styles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
UNEP argues nations to have an urgent action to safeguard indigenous cultures and their knowledge. From the conservation point of view, medicinal plants usage will continue to grow in popularity as people seek ways to support health naturally and gently Yet, there is increasing trend in usage of traditional medicine in developed countries The dramatic increase in herbal remedies usage will continue to rise since WHO has taken on monitoring of all unconventional medicine according to the traditional medicine strategic plan of to Most medicinal plants have proved successful sources or have acted as leads of effective ingredients that today's drug companies often look first to traditional places such as the rain forests, forest animals and traditional healers for clues to guide their drug development efforts.
Furthermore, the harvesting of medicinal plants from the wild places such as the forest reserves, national parks in QEBR is a point of concern whereby no viable mechanisms have been put in place to propagate them. The plant parts harvested especially those of wild medicines such as roots and stem, pose threat to the future survival of natural reservoirs if domestication strategies are not adopted in the near future.
This calls for serious conservation strategies of plant targets in drug development borrowing from the indigenous knowledge of the local people. For instance, medicinal plants documented in this study like Warburgia ugandensis and Cirtopsis articulata used in erectile dysfunction and sexual impotence and ED need to be conserved based on their demand and medicinal value to the people. In the event of increased biotechnology and the use of modified living organisms in agriculture, health and environment, most people will go for natural products 18 , Furthermore, research in natural products is on the increase in both developed and developing nations to show that there is renewed interest in medicines of natural origin.
The medicinal plants used in male-related conditions will be very significant in the present and future generations. From the researchers point of view, the usage of herbal remedies in managing sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction is useful because of long history of utilisation of some herbs that are perceived as effective.
Thus, the establishment of rapport between modern health workers through collaborative ventures with traditional healers, relevant NGOs like Rukararwe in Bushenyi by having close supervision and monitoring of herbal treatments in such conditions is noble. Ministry of Health through its research wing in traditional medicine the Natural Chemotherapeutics Research Laboratory in Wandegeya has role to play in advocacy of traditional medicine. In addition, Public-Private Partnership in Health Care Delivery Desk Office in Ministry of Health and distinguished researchers in herbal medicine need to network, collaborate and have policy in place for herbal medicine as an alternative form of health care in Uganda.
The traditional herbal medicines, relevant to the needs of ailing Ugandans can be tried out after being licensed by the National Drug Authority. In our view, sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction are real silent conditions affecting Ugandan men. Additionally, further investigations into the safety and efficacy of these traditional herbal remedies used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction and other male-related conditions are recommended in Uganda. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Journal List Afr Health Sci v. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Department of Botany, Makerere University, P. Box , Kampala, Uganda. Department of Botany, Makerere University P. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background The utilisation of ethnobotanical indigenous knowledge is vital in male sexual reproductive health care delivery in western Uganda.
Objective This study was carried out mainly to document medicinal plants used in the treatment of sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction disorders in western Uganda. Methods The medical ethnobotanical indigenous knowledge were collected by visiting traditional healers and documenting the medicinal plants used and other socio-cultural aspects allied with sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction. Results Thirty-three medicinal plants used in the management of sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction were documented and Citropsis articulata and Cola acuminata were among the highly utilized medicinal plants.
Conclusion From the researchers' point of view, the usage of herbal remedies in managing male sexual disorders is useful because of long cultural history of utilisation and the current renewed interest in natural products to sustain health globally. Results Thirty-three medicinal plants both cultivated Table 1 and wild harvested Table 2 were documented and identified in the area of study. Open in a separate window. Euphorbiaceae Flueggea virosa Willd. Discussion A list of 33 medicinal plants both cultivated and wild-harvested generated show that herbal remedies are greatly utilized by men for managing sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction in western Uganda.
Thus, the plant remedies described may be healthy if administered Erectile dysfunction is a common problem in men of all ages than publicly perceived. Upland Kenya Wild Flowers. Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas. National Museums of Kenya; Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy. A guide to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Hirt HM, M'pia B.
Natural Medicine in the Tropics. The Republic of Uganda; Kampala, Uganda; July 21 — 26 ; www. Documentation, Phytochemical and Bioactivity Evaluation. Plant Conservation in the Tropics. The Royal Botanical Gardens; Useful Trees and Shrubs for Uganda. Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Food Plants and Mushrooms of Uganda.