The Man in the Panthers Skin

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It took me into memories of persian literature that I have long forgotten. The names of places and characters sound familiar. The amusing thing about the main characters is that they are religous but somewhat secular; quite interesting.

The man in the panther’s skin by Shota Rustaveli.

There is intersting reference to Qais referred to as Quaisi the Majnoon of Laila. The book gets more and more interesting as you read on, starting in a rather not so obvious melancholy. But once you get to know the style of euology, it becomes interesting. Enjo It took me into memories of persian literature that I have long forgotten.

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I did not finish this- it proved to far out of my abilities. I could not really follow the story that well. Kata rated it liked it Mar 31, Liliya Golovina rated it liked it Mar 08, Julia rated it liked it Jul 28, Gavin rated it liked it Dec 15, Carlos rated it liked it Sep 03, Nikolay rated it liked it Apr 28, Victoria Savchenko rated it liked it Mar 16, Leo Chikava rated it liked it Nov 11, Andrew Hodkinson rated it liked it Dec 07, Irina Tolstousov rated it liked it Oct 13, Leonidas Spyroglou rated it liked it Dec 02, Mariam Dolidze rated it liked it Aug 21, Ruslan rated it liked it Oct 02, Ian Jobe rated it liked it Dec 22, Marcin rated it liked it Nov 21, Ana rated it liked it Jan 28, Nikolai Stavrogin rated it liked it Feb 04, Real Goga rated it liked it Nov 22, Lenalee rated it liked it Aug 13, Katie rated it liked it Aug 22, Giga Kakalashvili rated it liked it Dec 03, Taejun Ha rated it liked it Apr 28, Claire rated it liked it Nov 03, Akaki Tchabashvili rated it liked it Nov 26, Lilian rated it liked it Feb 26, Ruslan Ismayilov rated it liked it Oct 13, Little, if anything, is known about Rustaveli from contemporary sources.

His poem itself, na Shota Rustaveli Georgian: She who strikes terror from the East to the West, wherever she fights: Those who are traitors, she destroys; those who are loyal, she delights. The identity of the animal that it refers to is not certain and it can be a tiger , panther or leopard. In modern Georgian, it refers to the tiger. However, according to more modern research it would rather mean a panther. Similarly, the qualification of "knight" is not derived from the original title and its alternative translations exist, such as the "valiant" or simply a "man. The story can be divided into two parts: The King of Arabia, Rostevan, has no sons and confers the kingship on his only daughter, the beautiful and wise Tinatin.

She has a tender affection for Avtandil, the knight and commander-in-chief of Rostevan's armies. One day, Avtandil challenges King Rostevan to a hunting competition. They have spent three days shooting game when they encounter a knight crying by a river, dressed in a panther's skin, who kills the slaves sent by the king to contact him before disappearing. Rostevan sends parties across the world to search for the mysterious knight, but becomes disheartened when he fails. Tinatin then asks Avtandil to find the strange knight in three years, promising him her hand in marriage in return.

After two years and nine months of searching, Avtandil finally finds the knight in the panther's skin hiding in a cave with only a maiden for company.

The man in the panther’s skin by Shota Rustaveli. – Lesser-known gems

His name is Tariel, son of the king of the seventh kingdom of India, King Saridan. He had served as heir to King Pharsadan, king of the other six kingdoms, for many years when he fell in love with Pharsadan's daughter, Nestan-Darejan.

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Tariel wages war with the Khatavians to earn the favor of Nestan, but is dismayed to find she has already been promised to the Khwarezmian prince. Tariel could not bear the idea of marriage, and at the request of Nestan he killed the suitor. The princess was then placed on a boat and adrift on the seas.

Despite Tariel's lengthy search for his love he could not find her.

The Man in the Panthers Skin

Later he met Nuradin-Phridon, ruler of Mulgazanzar, who told him that Nestan was alive but trapped on a distant boat. Tariel retired to a cave to live in the wilderness with Asmat, the former servant and messenger of Nestan. Moved by this story, Avtandil promises his friendship and brotherhood to Tariel and agrees to help him find his love, Nestan-Darejan. Avtandil returns home to Arabia, tells Tinatin the story of Tariel and returns to his new friend, going against king Rostevan's will.

Avtandil then leaves Tariel to go to the kingdom of Phridon, where he does not hear anything new about Nestan. Continuing his quest, he arrives in the city of Gulansharo. He meets Patman, the wife of the chief Usen, who falls in love with him. Avtandil, sensing she knows the fate of Nestan, succumbs to Patman's seduction. She tells him she has been keeping Nestan at her place and, as Nestan was promised to the king's son, she helped her escape, but in her flight Nestan was abducted by Kaji the demon king.

Avtandil then returns home to Phridon and to the cave of Tariel and later all three friends decide to go to the country of Kaji with an army of three hundred men to find and deliver Nestan. When she is released, all return to Arabia, where King Rostevan forgives Avtandil his flight and breaking the king's order. They all celebrate the marriage of the latter with the king's only daughter, Tinatin.

They then leave for India where Tariel marries his love Nestan. Phridon also returns to his homeland and the three friends reign happily with prosperity and generosity in their own respective realms. The poem is placed far away from Georgia in countries that the poet has certainly never visited: Arabia , India and " Khataeti " that is to say, China. The indications are vague and not designate any particular site.

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It seems that the choice of places refers primarily to the national character of these peoples: Conversely, the Indians appear to be more emotional and impulsive and cause unintended disasters, as of the image of Tariel and Nestan. Gulansharo, capital of the "Kingdom of the Seas ", has been compared to Venice. These two characters represent the most devouted and friend lover characters, both heroes capable of courtly love and men endowed with free will. Their mutual commitment friendship they swear, also extends to a third person who is Nuradin-Pridon who is also endowed with the same heroic qualities.

Tariel is however distinguished by his wild character as he's attributeed with the panther's skin. The qualities associated with him of animal what is the power, intelligence or passion adds the impression of his feelings, his dedication and courage, as his hatred and violence could be extreme and uncontrollable.


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Although they take little action, these female characters, Tinatin and Nestan-Darejan are constantly present in thoughts of the knights and in the narrative tension as a whole. Princesses, a higher rank than their servant knights, they are inspired by the Queen Tamar or reflect the fact that each of them is the sovereign in their own realm.

Nestan being a prisoner in the distant regions, is also passive. But their confidence, righteousness, shows these two women being faithful and respective lovers. As for Patman, she is an altered representation of their type but an infidel during the absence of her husband.

Patman's character is true to life from the artistic point of view. Despite everything, she is capable of displaying both affection and sincere warmth peculiar to a woman. She spares no effort to save Nestan. It is very characteristic that when Patman learns of the purpose of Avtandil's journey, she makes no attempt to keep the man she loves at her side even for a short time.

Rustaveli is a great humanist. The poet focuses his attention on a man as a complex of sincere feelings, emotions, passions and aspirations. To counterbalance the mentality of the Middle Ages and the ecclesiastic morality of asceticism Rustaveli's poem proclaims the freedom of man as a personality, freedom of thought and feeling.


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  5. In the prologue, Rustaveli describes three types of love: Therefore, the valiant must have its beautiful with impeccable behavior including a constant devotion, the rejection of social duties and selfless loyalty. And as the author puts it "love is a severe trial for man as for woman". Loyalty of Nestan that fills the work and supports the dramatic tension well before the appearance of the character, is a model of righteousness.

    When it was announced that she would be married against her own will, she protests with force and supports its consequences with her heroic courage and stoicism. For three heroes who go to her aid, fearless and selfless, the fight is intended as a quest for justice.