Modern Philosophy: An Introduction and Survey

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The Nature of Philosophy.

An Introduction and Survey

Self Mind and Body. The Private Language Argument. Life Death and Identity. Descriptions and Logical Form. Necessity and the a priori. Austin judgements Kant Kant's kind knowledge language Leibniz logic London mathematics meaning mental merely metaphysical mind modern philosophers moral namely nature object ontological ontological argument Oxford P. Strawson paradox particular perception person philosophers philosophy of mind physical possible precisely predicate principle priori private language argument probability problem proposition question rational reality reason recognise reference relation Roger Scruton Russell scepticism scientific Scruton seems sense sentence space Strawson substance suggestion Suppose theory things thinking thought transcendental true truth truth-value understand W.

1.2 The Birth of Modern Philosophy

He taught for twenty years in the department of philosophy, Birkbeck College, University of London, and is now Professor of Philosophy at Boston University, Massachusetts. He is the editor of the Salisbury Review.


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He has written several works of fiction, including the highly acclaimed Xanthippic Dialogues. The heap is an arbitrary individual; even the table is one thing only so long as our interests require it to be.

But when it comes to the dog, the cat or the human being, their unity and identity seem to belong to them quite independently of the way they are classified. It is part of the nature of Moggins that she is one cat; and the cri How does one view the following two paragraphs? It is part of the nature of Moggins that she is one cat; and the criteria for counting cats are given by the theory of felinity.


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  • Modern Philosophy: An introduction and survey - Sir Roger Scruton.

I don't believe that Goodreads is good for me. I already had a lot of books before coming across this "online Library" and now I find that I'm in the midst of a veritable bookshop. I see that I purchased this hardback on 22 April and the only reason I did that was because Descartes, at the time, had unexpectedly sprang to mind. I recalled studying Descartes at university in my French Studies programme.

So I began this book and really it was all too much for my mind to handle at the time.

Modern Philosophy: An Introduction and Survey: Roger Scruton: Bloomsbury Reader

Too many theories, if I recall and I guess not enough evidence in these statements, some of which were quite incomprehensible to me. There's also the factor of the vagaries of the human mind. There are so many viewpoints on philosophy that are discussed from Aristotle, Plato, Descartes, Hegel, Kant and many others through to Roger Scuton et al. So where does one start? I recall skim reading through this book at the time and now I feel it is appropriate to read it.

Will I be enlightened? View all 20 comments.

Modern Philosophy: An introduction and survey

Jul 05, Alex Tsiatsos rated it it was amazing. The best, single volume, in depth introduction to the many and diverse schools of thought and thinkers that make up modern philosophy. The book mostly focuses on the rationalist, empiricist, Kantian and analytical traditions, but Scruton is fair to the continental thinkers who are usually discussed in less accessible texts. I strongly recommend this book to anyone interested in learning about philosophy. Sep 28, Robert rated it it was amazing. With almost comical erudition, Scruton just keeps coming with insights on every painfully complex issue confronted by philosophers from Descartes to Rorty.

Modern Philosophy

Through pages of exposition he simply never yields! Is God possible or impossible? Is time real or an illusion? Why is it impossible to superimpose a left hand on a right hand even in four-dimensional space? What is four-dimensional space? Why is it unreasonable to fear death and doubt immortality? What is a number? What is now since now is not the same now as it was when I began typing this sentence and you began reading it? Heidegger gets battered the worst as a kind of mad German mystic. And interpretation, says Nietzsche, godfather to the deconstructionists, is a function of power, not truth.

Nov 06, Albert Norton rated it it was amazing. Clearly, this view excludes eternality of truth — nothing is true at all times and all places. A philosopher who says there are no truths, or that all truths are merely relative, or that truth is a changeable state rendering capital-T Truth illusory, is essentially saying you should not believe him. Our sense of estrangement in the world correlates to a kind of repudiation. As we grow to adulthood, we experience an increasing awareness of our estrangement from our family, until we come to a point of repudiation of them.

This often takes the form of teenage rebellion, in which the adolescent is tortured by that sense of alienation and feels he must finish the job, so to speak, sundering the ties that formerly bound him in bonds of love but also restraint.

Modern Philosophy: An Introduction and Survey

We naturally hope the rift is not permanent. Please go out and read this book. Carry it around with you. Take it in a few pages at a time. The world will make a whole lot more sense, I promise. Jun 23, Luke Miller rated it really liked it Shelves: Not sure I was prepared for the density of this book. In this book, Scruton takes a thematic approach, working his way carefully and cogently through 30 different areas of philosophy. I wish I had the study guide to go along with this one, and even more, I wish I had some smart friends to discuss these topics over coffee.

Right now, they're all kind of jumbled up in my head, and I'm having trouble keeping them from throwing elbows. Since the chapters are organized by theme, they will provide a hel Not sure I was prepared for the density of this book. Since the chapters are organized by theme, they will provide a helpful reference point as I continue to explore this topic. Nov 05, Douglas Ross rated it it was amazing. He did it then with the same clear writing and common sense style that he continues today in everything he writes. Jan 09, Phoenix Rises rated it it was amazing Shelves: This is the first long and complex book that I have read from cover to cover with such intense enthusiasm for a while now.

This does not mean that I have not engaged with remarkable texts recently, however, I am aware that my reading habits have changed over time, because my attention is fragmented now, due to my intense interest to learn. It seems that for me to feel satisfied while reading, I have to read many books at once, with many different styles and ideas, to feel at home.


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  7. The problem wi This is the first long and complex book that I have read from cover to cover with such intense enthusiasm for a while now. The problem with this though is that it prevents me from sinking into a dense and complex book, but this book allowed me to do just that, and for several reasons. One reason is because I was interested in having a deeper understanding of philosophy as a whole, or at least Western philosophy, as this philosopher doesn't go into other world traditions unfortunately, and this book is immensely educational in that regard.

    Another reason, one that is just as important, is that this book, by synthesizing and analyzing so many different arguments, created a unique argument in its own right. Indeed, Roger Scruton has a passion and vision, and you can feel that in this book. Now, Roger definitely has some biases. He does not like the structuralists or the deconstructionists, he is skeptical of the utilitarians and the existentialists, and he favors Kant, for instance.

    However, he does have reasons for this, which becomes more and more apparent as he makes his way through his grand argument. Indeed, this is a very metaphysical book, and even though it has an emphasis on the analytic tradition of philosophy, by way of thinkers such as Wittgenstein and Frege, Roger really tries to get into the heart of what reality is, a hallmark of a great metaphysician.

    I am honestly impressed with this book, and I don't even know where to begin. The strength of this philosopher's take is in his emphasis on the question of what it means to exist in the human world. Roger's closing argument is that we are ultimately social beings that require community to feel fully alive and to transcend this world and ourselves, and one can feel the force of this argument by following Roger's arguments.