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New arrivals still often settle in Chinatown, although the residential areas of the Richmond and Sunset Districts in the western half of the city have become majority Chinese areas over the past few decades. Chinese immigrants built temples in Chinatown, both Taoist temples, focussing on honoring ancestors and praying to Chinese gods, and Buddhist temples.
It is dedicated to the goddess Mazu based on a real woman who died in A. She is seen as the protector of seafarers, and as such, much honored by Chinese immigrants in San Francisco. The temple was created in ; the original building was destroyed in the earthquake and rebuilt in It is still a place of worship and is open to the public. Christian churches were also built early on here.
- San Francisco Begins in Chinatown.
- The Beginning of Chinatown.
- You are here!
The First Chinese Baptist Church , also in Waverly Place, was first built there in , and rebuilt after the earthquake. Mary's Cathedral at Grant and Pacific Avenues was built in from bricks shipped around the tip of South America, and was the only building in Chinatown to survive the fire that followed the earthquake.
Chinatown became a city within a city; associations tongs were created by the residents and these organizations handled most of the affairs of the inhabitants: They were based on family names or places of origin in China, and generally run by well-to-do merchants. They still exist today in the form of the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association.
There were also a number of criminal organizations, basically gangs, also called tongs, that exercised power over the Chinese community through fear and intimidation. Like the gangs wars in New York and Chicago, Chinese gangs fought for dominance in the streets of Chinatown.
The Battle of Waverly Place. One of the most notorious gang fights occurred in , when 50 men from two tongs fought in the small alley of Waverly Place over ownership rights to a Chinese slave girl, leaving four men dead. Waverly Place, aka the Street of the Painted Balconies, is now one of the prettiest and most charming alleys in Chinatown. Criminal gang violence still occasionally breaks out into the tourist world of San Francisco's Chinatown. Local gangs, and gangs associated with Hong Kong triads, have been responsible.
Though Chinatown is generally a very safe place for tourists, there have been two alarming incidents in the modern era. The Golden Dragon Massacre. They planned to assassinate members of the Wah Ching gang who were eating there. They started shooting randomly, missed the gang members and ended up killing 5 other diners, including two tourists. The teenagers involved were caught and received long prison sentences; one them is still in prison.
In , members of the Jackson Street Boys, successor to an earlier local triad, started shooting at each other during daytime on the busy commercial street in Chinatown. Seven bystanders were hit, though fortunately no one was killed. Chinatown in the 's until and beyond was a rough place, with thousands of poor immigrants from southern China packed into miserable, unsanitary tenements. It was in the alleys of Chinatown where most of the vice occurred. Some were lined with gambling parlors, some with opium dens and most of them with brothels.
Ross Alley was known as the Street of the Gamblers. These establishments had reinforced doors, often a series of them, to slow down the police, giving them time to hide the evidence. Also, there were tunnels under Chinatown connecting the buildings which were used to foil police raids the tunnels vanished with the buildings in the great fire in Ross Alley was also frequently the scene of tong warfare, and had its share of opium dens as well.
The criminal tongs imported young girls from China and sold them to brothel owners in slave auctions held in St. Louis Alley ; most of these girls were between 10 and 16 years old, and they had a life expectancy of about five years. The girls were acquired through various means. Some were sold by their own families, some were lured with promises of work, and some were kidnapped. Much of the prostitution in Chinatown occurred in the alleys. Almost every building in Bartlett Alley was a brothel, and of the crudest kind.
A map of the old Chinatown survived, showing the street and alley layout in , as well as the location of the buildings associated with vice. The power of the tongs and the indifference of the other residents of the city left no one to fight for the protection of the young girls sold into slavery. The Chinese Benevolent Association tried to curtail prostitution but didn't make much headway. Donaldina Cameron took on the task of helping these girls escape and ran a Presbyterian mission in Chinatown to care for the rescued girls.
She also led raids on brothels herself and was called Fahn Quai, or White Devil, by her adversaries. She lived to be 98 in spite of death threats from the tongs and dynamite being left at her front door! Most of the brothel owners were men, but two women achieved notoriety as madams of Chinatown brothels.
One of them is buried in the cemetery at the Mission Dolores. A Chinese woman named Ah Toy was brought to San Francisco as a slave in to work in a brothel; she was reported to be tall and beautiful, and she became famous. In her mid 30's, she was able to buy her freedom and set up her own brothel in a Chinatown alley, Waverly Place.
She was involved in the slave trade herself, purchasing young girls at the slave auctions held in a basement on St. She retired in , supposedly married a wealthy Chinese merchant in San Jose, and lived to be She arrived in San Francisco with her riverboat gambler husband, Charles Cora.
They had made a fair amount of money in the mining camps, and used that to start a brothel in Chinatown, also in Waverly Place. Belle Cora's brothel catered to San Francisco's "high society" of the time; luxurious, with lots of red velvet and higher priced ladies. Her husband met with a sorry end. He shot a U. Marshall, Richardson, following a tiff at the theater when Mrs. Our major exports are books and children, both of which we produce in abundance.
The children are Laurence, Joanne, Sarah, and Barry: Life Among the Savages is a disrespectful memoir of my children. In , Jackson published The Bird's Nest , which detailed a woman with multiple personalities and her relationship with her psychiatrist.
Jackson's fifth novel, The Haunting of Hill House , follows a group of individuals participating in a paranormal study at a reportedly haunted mansion. The novel, which interpolated supernatural phenomena with psychology ,  went on to become a critically esteemed example of the haunted house story,   and was described by Stephen King as one of the most important horror novels of the twentieth century. By the time The Haunting of Hill House had been published, Jackson suffered numerous health problems: She was overweight as well as a heavy smoker , which resulted in pain, exhaustion, and fainting spells, which were attributed to a heart problem.
For many years prior, she also had periodic prescriptions for amphetamines for weight loss, which may have inadvertently aggravated her anxiety, leading to a cycle of prescription drug abuse using the two medications to counteract each other's effects. Her dislike of this situation led to her increasing abuse of alcohol in addition to tranquilizers and amphetamines.
Despite her ailing health, Jackson continued to write and publish several works in the s, including her final novel, We Have Always Lived in the Castle , a Gothic mystery novel. In , Jackson died of heart failure in her sleep, at her home in North Bennington, at the age of In , Jackson's husband released a posthumous volume of her work, Come Along with Me , containing her unfinished last novel, as well as 14 previously uncollected short stories among them "Louisa, Please Come Home" and three lectures she gave at colleges or writers' conferences in her last years.
In , a crate of unpublished stories was found in a barn behind Jackson's house. A selection of those stories, along with previously uncollected stories from various magazines, were published in the collection Just an Ordinary Day. Jackson's papers are available in the Library of Congress. In its August 5, , issue The New Yorker published "Paranoia", which the magazine said was discovered at the library. The Academic Film Archive cited Yust's short "as one of the two bestselling educational films ever".
In , the Shirley Jackson Awards were established with permission of Jackson's estate. They are in recognition of her legacy in writing, and are awarded for outstanding achievement in the literature of psychological suspense, horror, and the dark fantastic. The awards are presented at Readercon. Since at least , Jackson's adopted home of North Bennington has honored her legacy by celebrating Shirley Jackson Day on June 27, the day the fictional story "The Lottery" took place. The Life of Shirley Jackson Putnam, The only critical bibliography of Jackson's work is Paul N.
Bernice Murphy's recent Shirley Jackson: Colin Hains's Frightened by a Word: According to the post-feminist critic Elaine Showalter , Jackson's work is the single most important mid-twentieth-century body of literary output yet to have its value reevaluated by critics in the present day. Jackson's husband, literary critic Stanley Hyman, wrote in his preface to a posthumous anthology of her work that "she consistently refused to be interviewed, to explain or promote her work in any fashion, or to take public stands and be the pundit of the Sunday supplements.
She believed that her books would speak for her clearly enough over the years". The s witnessed considerable scholarly interest in Jackson's work. Peter Kosenko, a Marxist critic, advanced an economic interpretation of "The Lottery" that focused on "the inequitable stratification of the social order".
In , critic Harold Bloom published an extensive study of Jackson's work, challenging the notion that it was worthy of inclusion in the Western canon ; Bloom wrote of "The Lottery," specifically: Even "The Lottery" wounds you once, and once only. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
46 Places in San Francisco That Make Us Proud | San Francisco, CA
Stanley Edgar Hyman m. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Retrieved December 22, Retrieved February 5, The Modern Weird Tale.
- San Francisco Chinatown History: the good, the bad, and the grim..
- The Worlds of Aulus Gellius.
Retrieved February 6, The life of Shirley Jackson. Retrieved via Biography in Context database, October 24, Dictionary of American Biography.
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